Holiday safety is an issue that burns brightest from late November to mid-January, when families gather, parties are scheduled and travel spikes. Take some basic precautions to ensure your family remains safe and injury-free throughout the season.
Traveling Troubles. Many people choose to travel during the holidays by automobile, with the highest fatality rate of any major form of transportation. In 2015, 355 people died on New Year's Day, 386 on Thanksgiving Day and 273 on Christmas Day, according to Injury Facts 2017. Alcohol-impaired fatalities represent about one-third of the totals. Use a designated driver to ensure guests make it home safely after a holiday party; alcohol, over-the-counter or illegal drugs all cause impairment. Make sure every person in the vehicle is properly buckled up no matter how long or short the distance traveled. Put that cell phone away; many distractions can occur while driving, but cell phones are the main culprit. Properly maintain the vehicle and keep an emergency kit with you. Be prepared for heavy traffic, and possibly heavy snow.
Decorating Dangers. Decorating is one of the best ways to get in a holiday mood, but emergency rooms see thousands of injuries involving holiday decorating every season. "Angel hair," made from spun glass, can irritate your eyes and skin; always wear gloves or substitute non-flammable cotton. Spraying artificial snow can irritate your lungs if inhaled; follow directions carefully. Decorate the tree with your kids in mind; move ornaments that are breakable or have metal hooks toward the top. Always use the proper step ladder; don't stand on chairs or other furniture. Lights are among the best parts of holiday decorating; make sure there are no exposed or frayed wires, loose connections or broken sockets, and don't overload your electrical circuits. Plants can spruce up your holiday decorating, but keep those that may be poisonous (including some Poinsettias) out of reach of children or pets; the national Poison Control Center can be reached at (800) 222-1222. Make sure paths are clear so no one trips on wrapping paper, decorations, toys, etc.; NSC provides tips for older adults on slip, trip and fall protection.
Giving Goofs. Choosing toys that don’t present a choking hazard for infants or small children isn’t the only gifting concern. Select gifts for older adults that are not heavy or awkward to handle. Be aware of dangers associated with coin lithium batteries; of particular concern is the ingestion of button batteries. See which toys have been recalled by visiting the Consumer Product Safety Commission blog.
Fire Fears. Thousands of deaths are caused by fires, burns and other fire-related injuries every year, and 12% of home candle fires occur in December, the National Fire Protection Association reports. Increased use of candles and fireplaces, combined with an increase in the amount of combustible, seasonal decorations present in many homes means more risk for fire. Never leave burning candles unattended or sleep in a room with a lit candle. Keep candles out of reach of children. Make sure candles are on stable surfaces. Don't burn candles near trees, curtains or any other flammable items. Don't burn trees, wreaths or wrapping paper in the fireplace. Check and clean the chimney and fireplace area at least once a year.
Turkey Terrors. While many subscribe to the theory any fried food is good – even if it's not necessarily good for you – there is reason to be on alert if you're thinking of celebrating the holidays by frying a turkey. The Consumer Product Safety Commission reports there have been 168 turkey-fryer related fires, burns, explosions or carbon monoxide poisoning incidents since 2002. CPSC says 672 people have been injured and $8 million in property damage losses have resulted from these incidents. NSC discourages the use of turkey fryers at home and urges those who prefer fried turkey to seek out professional establishments or consider a new oil-less turkey fryer.
Poisoning Perils. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services provides some holiday food safety tips. Do not rinse raw meat and poultry before cooking. Use a food thermometer to make sure meat is cooked to a safe temperature. Refrigerate food within two hours. Thanksgiving leftovers are safe for four days in the refrigerator. Bring sauces, soups and gravies to a rolling boil when reheating. When storing turkey, cut the leftovers in small pieces so they will chill quickly. Wash your hands frequently when handling food.